Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery

To create a nationally recognized Center of Excellence for the diagnosis and treatment of female pelvic floor disorders, technological innovation, and emphasizing quality care, .




What happens to your body

The female body is unique. It progressively changes. When the tissues that support the pelvic organs are stretched and damaged, they allow the organ that they support to drop down and press against the vaginal wall. Sometimes the organ will drop down so far that the bulge sticks out of the vaginal opening and is visible to the eye.

The main causes of pelvic support problems are pregnancy, childbirth and aging. The weight of the baby during pregnancy creates tremendous pressure on the pelvic tissue and muscles. Then, as the baby passes through the vagina during childbirth, the support of the pelvic floor muscles and ligaments may become damaged and weakened.

In later years, when a woman goes through menopause, the loss of estrogen worsens the strength of these delicate tissues. In some women, a familial (hereditary) factor seems to predispose to this problem even without childbirth. The causes may be:
1) Unusual weakening of the vaginal tissue after menopause
2) Abnormal increases in abdominal pressure due to coughing, heaving lifting, obesity, or constipation
3) Hereditary weakness of tissue.